FANDOM


Afro-AsiaticEdit

  • Berber
    • Guanche: maγidaw / magido
    • Kabyle (Taqbaylit): asekkin / isekkin; aṭaɣan / aṭiɣan; flissa; lemca / llemca
    • Riff (Tarifit): ssif
    • Shilha (Tashelhit): taguba
    • Tamahaq - Tahaggart: ta-kub-a
    • Tamajeq - Tayart: tăkoba
  • Chadic
    • Hausa: bisalami; findi; kànsakàlī; tagomas; tákṑbī / takòòbii / tákwṑbīl; tsuuraa
    • Kera: kúbkúbì
    • Tumak: kúbkùb
  • Cushitic
    • Somali: bilawa, bilawai; seef, seif
  • Semitic
    • Akkadian: nams̩āru(m)
    • Ge'ez: 'afot; 'erag; matḥ; say
    • Amharic: አፋ afa; ቢላዋ bilawa; ጩቤ č'ub; ገጀራ gäǧära; ጊሌ gile; ጎራዴ gorade / gʷärade; ቆንጨራ qonč'ära; ሰንጢ sänt'i; ሰይፍ säyf; ሻሙላ šamula; ሾተል šotäl
    • Ugaritic: mams̩āru
    • Biblical Hebrew: חרב / khérev
    • Hebrew: חרב / khérev; סיף / sayif
    • Egyptian: ḫpš / khopesh; mšw; sf.t
    • Arabic: سيف sayf
    • Andalusian Arabic: sayf, șimșam(ah)
    • Maltese: sejf, xabla

AinuEdit

  • Ainu: エムㇱ / emus

Austro-AsiaticEdit

  • Khasi-Khmuic
    • Riang: wac.2
    • Konto: laŋ.2-, vac.2
    • Samtao: vac.2
    • U: viaic
    • Lawa: vec
  • Mon-Khmer
    • Vietnamese: gươm, kiếm

AustronesianEdit

  • Malayo-Polynesian
    • Cebuano: espada
    • Filipino / Tagalog: espada / ispada; kris; sable; tabak
    • Hiligaynon (Ilonggo): espada
    • Ilongot: espadaI
    • Ivatan: ispada; tuturuk
    • Kapampangan: espada / ispada; kris; tabak; talibung
    • Tausug: barung; kalis; kampilan; puddang
    • Waray-Waray: espada
    • Malay: mandau; pedang
    • Indonesian: mandau; pedang
    • Tetum: surik
    • Chuukese: kkátinaas / kketinaas
    • Fijian: seletà
    • Gilbertese (Kiribati): te kabang
    • Hawaiian: pahi kaua pālahalaha
    • Maori: hani; hoari; maipi; pouwhenua; taiaha
    • Motu: ilapa
    • Nauruan: ipudutubwin
    • Tongan: heleta

BasqueEdit

  • Basque: ezpata

DravidianEdit

  • Northern
    • Brahui: pâD / páđ
  • Central
    • Telugu: కత్తి / katti; ఖడ్గము / khadgamu; vālu
  • Southern
    • Tamil: அருவாள் / aruval; வாள் / vāḷ
    • Malayalam: വാൾ / vāḷ
    • Kodava: bāḷɨ katti
    • Kota: vāḷ
    • Toda: pōɫ̣
    • Kannada: bāḷ(u); ಕತ್ತಿ / katti
    • Badaga: bāļu; pațțekatti
    • Tulu: bāḷụ / bālụ

Hmong-MienEdit

  • Miao-Bunu
    • Hmong: ntaj

Indo-EuropeanEdit

  • Proto Indo-European: *nsis-
  • Albanian: jatagan; kordhë; pallë; shpatë
  • Armenian: սուսեր / suser; թքուր / t’k’ur; թուր / t’ur; խոցասուսեր / xoc’asowser
  • Balto-Slavic
    • Old Prussian: kalabian
    • Sudovian: kalavian
    • Latvian: durklis; zobens
    • Lithuanian: kalavijas; kardas; špaga
    • Samogitian: kalavėjs
    • Proto-Slavic: *mьčь / *mečь
    • Old Church Slavonic: ⰏⰅⰝⰠ / мєчь / mečĭ
    • Bosnian: mač
    • Croatian: mač
    • Serbian: мач / mač
    • Slovenian: meč
    • Bulgarian: меч / meč; рапира / rapiera; сабя / sabr; шпага / špaga
    • Macedonian: меч / meč
    • Polish: kord; miecz; oręż; pałasz; szabla; szpada
    • Kashubian: miecz
    • Lower Sorbian: mjac
    • Upper Sorbian: mječ
    • Czech: kord; meč; šavle
    • Slovak: kord; meč; šabľa
    • Old East Slavic: мечь / mečĭ
    • Belarusian: меч / mieč; сабля / shablya
    • Russian: меч / mech; палаш / palash; рапира / rapira; сабля / sablya; шашка / shashka; шпага / shpaga
    • Ukrainian: меч / mech; шпага / shpaha
  • Celtic
    • Proto-Celtic: *kladimo- / *kladyos
    • Cisalpine Gaulish: *kladyos
    • Old Irish: claideb; colg; dubchend
    • Irish: claíomh
    • Manx: cliwe
    • Scottish Gaelic: claidheamh
    • Welsh: cledd / cleddau / cleddyf; glaif
    • Cornish: cledhe / gledhe / glethe / kledhe
    • Breton: klezeñv
  • Germanic
    • Proto-Germanic: *mēkijaz; *swerdą
    • Old High German: swert
    • German: Degen; Klinge; Säbel; Schwert
    • Yiddish: שווערד / shverd
    • Old English: bil; heoru; mēċe; secg; sweord
    • English: sword
    • Scots: swuird
    • Old Frisian: swerd
    • East Frisian: swid
    • West Frisian: swurd
    • Old Saxon: māki; swert
    • Low German: Sweert
    • Old Dutch: swert
    • Dutch: degen; sabel; zwaard
    • Afrikaans: saber; swaard
    • Old Norse: mækir; sverð
    • Danish: kaarde; sabel; sværd
    • Faroese: svørð
    • Icelandic: sverð
    • Norwegian: sverd
    • Swedish: svärd
    • Gothic: hairus; 𐌼𐌴𐌺𐌴𐌹𐍃 / mēkeis / 𐌼𐌴𐌺𐌹 / mēki
    • Crimean Gothic: mycha
  • Hellenic
    • Greek: κοπίς / kopís; σπάθη / spáth; ξίφος / xífos
  • Indo-Iranian
    • Classical Sanskrit: असि / asi; खड्ग / khaḍga / khaṅga
    • Bengali: অসি / asi
    • Gujarati: તલવાર / talavāra
    • Hindi: खड्ग / khaḍga; कृपाण / kr̥pāṇa; पट / pata; सैनिक शक्ति / sainika śakti; तलवार / talavāra
    • Punjabi: ਭਗਉਤੀ / bhaga'utī; ਚੰਡੀ / caḍī; ਖੜਗ / khadag; ਖੰਡਾ / khaṇḍā; ਕਿਰਪਾਨ / kirapāna; ਸੈਫ਼ / saifa; ਸਾਰੰਗ / sāraga; ਸਰੋਹੀ / sārohī; ਤਲਵਾਰ / talavāra; ਤੇਗ਼ / tegh
    • Romani: kardo
    • Urdu: تلوار / talvār
    • Old Persian: akīnaka(h)
    • Pahlavi: šmšyl
    • Kurdish - Kurmanji: şimşûr; şûr
    • Kurdish - Sorani: شێر / shaer; شمشێر / shimshaer
    • Persian: شمشیر / shamshīr
    • Dari: شمشير / shamshīr
    • Shughni - Rushani: nemo
  • Italic
    • Latin: acinaces; ēnsis; gladius; harpe; machaera; spatha
    • Italian: sciabola; spada
    • Corsican: sciàbula; spada; stoccu
    • Sicilian: spata
    • Old French: espee
    • Anglo-Norman: espee; glaive
    • French: épée; espade; glaive; sabre
    • Cajun French: glaive; sabre
    • Arpitan - Forézien: ligoussa; ragueiri
    • Occitan: espasa
    • Aragonese: espata
    • Asturian: espada
    • Catalan: espasa; glavi; sabre
    • Spanish: espada; estoque; sabre
    • Galician: espada
    • Portuguese: espada; gládio; sabre
    • Romanian: paloş; sabie; spadă / spadã
  • Paleo-Balkan
    • Thracian: rhomphaia; skálmē
  • Tocharian
    • Tocharian A (Turfanian): kāre
    • Tocharian B (Kuchean): apsāl*; kertte

JaponicEdit

  • Japanese: 刀 / katana; 太刀 / tachi; 剣 / tsurugi
    • Sino-Japanese: 刀 / -tō; 太刀 / daitō; 剣 / ken
  • Okinawan: katana

KartvelianEdit

  • Karto-Zan
    • Georgian: ხმალი / khmali

KoreanEdit

  • Korean: 칼 / (MR) kal / (YR) gal; 검 / (MR) kem / (YR) geom; 무력 / (MR) mwulyŏk / (YR) mulyeog

MongolicEdit

  • Central
    • Mongolian: илд / ild; сэлэм / selem

Niger-CongoEdit

  • Atlantic-Congo
    • Bena: ilimage / limage; lipanga
    • Bondei: kahamba / uhamba; jambia; upanga
    • Bungu: ipanga
    • Chewa: lupanga
    • Dawida: ifumu; lufu
    • Doe: panga; sime
    • Embu: kIviU; njUra
    • Ewe: klante adekpui; yi
    • Fipa: insiinge; uupanga
    • Ganda: kiso; kitaba
    • Gikuyu: panga; sime
    • Gweno: ipanga; ngalu
    • Gwere: kipanga; kisso
    • Gusii: omoyio obirende
    • Hangaza: inkota
    • Haya: embanda
    • Hehe: ilimaage; ilipaanga
    • Ikizu: esarara; risabha
    • Ikoma: nyamutangara; omoiryo
    • Iramba: sime; umupanga
    • Jita: echimali
    • Kamba - Kitu: kavyU
    • Kamba - Machakos: UvyU
    • Kara (Kilegi): liyalo
    • Kibosho: kyandu
    • Kiga: ekisyo; rurara
    • Kimbu: inguviluu; ulupanga
    • Kinga: imundu
    • Kinyarwanda: inkota
    • Kirundi: inkota
    • Kwere: panga; sime
    • Lambya: sime; umupanga
    • Lozi: mukwale; sabule
    • Luhya - Bukusu: eembaluM
    • Machame: usu / usuu
    • Makonde: sambala; upanga
    • Malila: ishipanga
    • Matengo: upanga
    • Matumbi: lipanga
    • Meru: ipanga; rubiu; shombo
    • Mpoto: lipanga
    • Mwanga: u-lupanga
    • Mwera: chikwanje; limaje; upanga
    • Ndengereko: mpunga; nnunda
    • Ngindo: lipanga
    • Ngoni: upanga
    • Nyakyusa: ulubo
    • Nyambo: echisyo; embanda
    • Nyamwezi: lUpAngA
    • Nyaturucha: ng'engo; sime
    • Nyaturuwil: ifaango; ufaanga
    • Nyiha: umfu
    • Nyoro: ekiso
    • Pangwa: lipanga
    • Pimbwe: ulupanga; umnunda
    • Pogolo: lipanga; shihimbi
    • Rungwa: ensinge; ulupanga
    • Shubi: igipaanga; inkota
    • Siha: obanga; shobo
    • Sonjo: bogwE-ne; ruruba
    • Sukuma: panga
    • Swahili: upanga; shime; vikitara
    • Taabwa: lupanga
    • Tharaka: kajiu; rujiu
    • Toro: empirima
    • Tumbuka: upanga
    • Vinza: ikisyu; ulupanga
    • Vunjo: isinge; ushu
    • Vwanji: limaghe
    • Wanda: chiweko; lupanga
    • Yao: lipanga / wu-paanga; nkalo
    • Yoruba: agada; agẹdẹmgbẹ; idà; ogbó
    • Zanaki: ehazi; embazo; erisaba
    • Zaramo: sengo; sime
    • Zigula: sime
    • Zinza: embaanda / embanda; orupaanga
    • Zulu: kemba

Nilo-SaharanEdit

  • Eastern
    • Dongolawi: síwıd
    • Maasai: olalim; seme
    • Shillul: gochi / goji
  • Fur
    • Fur: saar
  • Saharan
    • Kanuri: kashaar
  • Songhay
    • Zarma: takuba

Northeast CaucasianEdit

  • Nakh
    • Chechen: тур / tur

Pama-NyunganEdit

  • Yuin-Kuric
    • Awabakal: yir-ra / yirra

Sino-TibetanEdit

  • Sinitic
    • Old Chinese: 刀 / *tāw
    • Mandarin Chinese: 刀 / dāo; 劍 / jiàn
  • Tibeto-Burman
    • Kachin: nthu1

Tai-KadaiEdit

  • Tai
    • Bouyei: ša.4
    • Saek: tha.4
    • Zhuang - Longzhou: pja.4
    • Thai: ดาบ / dāb / daab / darb; กระบี่ / krabī̀
    • Ahom: hengdang

TurkicEdit

  • Kipchak
    • Kazakh: қылыш / qılış; шашка / šaška
  • Oghuz
    • Azerbaijani: qılınc; şəmşir
    • Gagauz: kılıç
    • Turkish: kılıç; pala; yatağan
  • Siberian
    • Sakha (Yakut): болот / bolot; кылыс / kılıs
  • Uyghuric
    • Old Turkic: kılıç
    • Uyghur: قىلىچ / қилич / qilich
    • Uzbek: qilich

UralicEdit

  • Finnic
    • Estonian: mõõk
    • Võro: mõõk
    • Finnish: kalpa; miekka; säilä; sapeli
    • Votic: mõõka
  • Mordvinic
    • Moksha: тор / tor
  • Ugric
    • Hungarian (Magyar): handzsár; kard; pallo(s)
  • Permian
    • Komi: шыпурт / shipurt

AlgicEdit

  • Algonquian
    • Ojibwe: ajaweshk

ChinookanEdit

  • Chinook
    • opitsah

MayanEdit

  • Tzotzil: ʔespara

MuskogeanEdit

  • Western
    • Choctaw: bạshpo falaia

QuechuaEdit

  • Quechua: khillaychuki

Uto-AztecanEdit

  • Nahuatl: espada; tepozmaquahuitl / tepuzmacquahuitl
  • Yaqui: ejpaam

ConlangsEdit

  • Eldar: iarstill
  • Esperanto: glavo
  • Interlingua: gladio; spada
  • Quenya: ecet; macil
  • Romulan: u'ra
  • Sindarin: crist; l(h)ang; magol / megil
  • Slovio: mecx